Ethiopia’s Prime Minister to head to the war front to lead soldiers battling TPLF rebels

Fears of a rebel advance on the capital have prompted several countries to pull out non-essential diplomatic staff. 

Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed

Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed said Monday that he plans to head to the war front to lead soldiers battling rebels, as the year-long conflict moves closer to the capital Addis Ababa.

“Starting tomorrow, I will mobilise to the front to lead the defence forces,” Abiy said in a statement posted on Twitter. 

“Those who want to be among the Ethiopian children who will be hailed by history, rise up for your country today. Let’s meet at the front.” 

Abiy’s statement came as the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) rebel group continued to press towards Addis Ababa, claiming control of the town of Shewa Robit, just 220 kilometres (136 miles) northeast of the capital by road. 

It also came after the ruling Prosperity Party’s executive committee met Monday to discuss the war, which has dragged on for a year. After that meeting, Defence Minister Abraham Belay told state-affiliated media that security forces would embark on a “different action”, without providing details. 

“We can’t continue like this, that means there will be change,” Belay said.

“What happened and is happening to our people, the abuses being meted out by this destructive, terrorist, robber group, can’t continue.” 

Abiy sent troops into Ethiopia’s northernmost Tigray region to topple the TPLF in November 2020, saying the move came in response to TPLF attacks on army camps. Though he promised a swift victory, by late June the TPLF had regrouped and retaken most of Tigray including its capital Mekele, prompting the federal army to largely withdraw from the region.

Since then the TPLF has pushed into the neighbouring Afar and Amhara regions. It has also formed an alliance with other insurgent groups including the Oromo Liberation Army (OLA), which is active in the Oromia region surrounding Addis Ababa. 

The war has already killed thousands and pushed hundreds of thousands into famine-like condition, according to the UN. In early November Abiy’s government declared a six-month state of emergency.

Fears of a rebel advance on the capital have prompted several countries including the US and the UK to pull out non-essential diplomatic staff.  These countries are also urging their citizens to leave Ethiopia while commercial flights are still available. 

The government says rebel gains, and the threat to Addis Ababa, are overstated. 

The African Union’s special envoy for the Horn of Africa, Olusegun Obasanjo, is leading a frantic push to broker a ceasefire, but so far there has been little concrete progress. Over the weekend he wrapped up his second visit to the country this month, which included a third round of meetings in Mekele with TPLF leaders. 

After Obasanjo left, however, the TPLF accused Abiy’s government of carrying out “a drone attack in a residential area” in Mekele. Several witnesses claimed they heard at least two explosions before dawn Sunday.

Later Sunday the TPLF said in a statement that the incident was a sign that Abiy’s government was not serious about a peace deal and only wanted “to prolong their stay in power”.  

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